Glossary

Glossary of frequently used HPSA abbreviations and acronyms.

Acronym Full Name Description
ASAPS Application Submission And Processing System Automated system the state and Federal Governments used in the past to process HPSAs.
CCD Census Civil Division A subdivision of a county.
CT Census Tract Automated subdivision of a county.
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Process all Medicare and Medicaid claims.
CNP Certified Nurse Practitioner Registered nurses that have completed advanced training.
CNM Certified Nurse-Midwife An advanced nurse whose specialties are midwifery and nursing.
CHC Community Health Center Accepts all patients; Federally and state supported, often called an FQHC.
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services The main Federal agency involved in U.S. healthcare.
Dr. Doctor
DO Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine A professional medical degree that is similar to MD.
FP Family Practice
FTE Full Time Equivalent 40 PC hours = 1FTE.
GP General Practice
GEO Geographic HPSA A designation recognizing a shortage of primary care services to the general population within an isolated geographical area.
HPSA Health Professional Shortage Area An area that is considered underserved in medical services by the Federal Government.  The three cohorts are Primary Care, Dental and Mental Health.
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration An agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to which HPSA applications are submitted.
IM Internal Medicine
IMR Infant Mortality Rate Deaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births.
LBW Low Birth Weight <2,500 gram newborn.
LOW INC Low Income HPSA or Population Designation HPSA based on poverty or a shortage of clinical services to a specific population group.
MUA Medically Underserved Area
MUP Medically Underserved Population
MHPSA Mental Health Professional Shortage Area HPSA designation based on a shortage of psychiatrists or 'core mental health workers'.
MCD Minor Civil Division Subdivision of a county such as a village or township.
NHSC National Health Service Corps Provides scholarships for medical students, as well as loan forgiveness for medical doctors and Advanced Practitioners; in return, grads must work in HPSAs.
NSC Nearest Source of Care Nearest source of non-designated care outside of the Rational Service Area (RSA)
NSGH Nursing Home
OB/GYN Obstetrics and Gynecology
PED Pediatrician
PA Physician Assistant
POP CTR Population Center Largest population MCD, CT, or CCD within the RSA.
PC Primary Care  FP, GP, IM, OB/Gyn, PED, Geriatrics
PCO Primary Care Officer Approves HPSAs at the state level; every state has one.
PCP Primary Care Physician FP, GP, IM, OB/GYN, PED, Geriatrics
RSA Rational Service Area A geographic area encompassing the medical service area, with consideration for socioeconomic barriers.
RN Registered Nurse
RNP Registered Nurse Practitioner
RHC Rural Health Clinic A Federally certified clinic that allows for heightened Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement.  It must be rural, have an Advanced Practitioner on site during RHC hours, and the clinic must initially be located in a HPSA or MUA.
SA Service Area A geographic area encompassing the medical service area, with consideration for socioeconomic barriers.
VA Veterans Affairs Hospital or clinic that serves only U.S. military veterans and their families.

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