Glossary

Glossary of frequently used HPSA abbreviations and acronyms.

AcronymFull NameDescription
ASAPSApplication Submission And Processing SystemAutomated system the state and Federal Governments used in the past to process HPSAs.
CCDCensus Civil DivisionA subdivision of a county.
CTCensus TractAutomated subdivision of a county.
CMSCenters for Medicare and Medicaid ServicesProcess all Medicare and Medicaid claims.
CNPCertified Nurse PractitionerRegistered nurses that have completed advanced training.
CNMCertified Nurse-MidwifeAn advanced nurse whose specialties are midwifery and nursing.
CHCCommunity Health CenterAccepts all patients; Federally and state supported, often called an FQHC.
DHHSDepartment of Health and Human ServicesThe main Federal agency involved in U.S. healthcare.
Dr.Doctor
DODoctor of Osteopathic MedicineA professional medical degree that is similar to MD.
FPFamily Practice
FTEFull Time Equivalent40 PC hours = 1FTE.
GPGeneral Practice
GEOGeographic HPSAA designation recognizing a shortage of primary care services to the general population within an isolated geographical area.
HPSAHealth Professional Shortage AreaAn area that is considered underserved in medical services by the Federal Government.  The three cohorts are Primary Care, Dental and Mental Health.
HRSAHealth Resources and Services AdministrationAn agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to which HPSA applications are submitted.
IMInternal Medicine
IMRInfant Mortality RateDeaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births.
LBWLow Birth Weight<2,500 gram newborn.
LOW INCLow Income HPSA or Population DesignationHPSA based on poverty or a shortage of clinical services to a specific population group.
MUAMedically Underserved Area
MUPMedically Underserved Population
MHPSAMental Health Professional Shortage AreaHPSA designation based on a shortage of psychiatrists or 'core mental health workers'.
MCDMinor Civil DivisionSubdivision of a county such as a village or township.
NHSCNational Health Service CorpsProvides scholarships for medical students, as well as loan forgiveness for medical doctors and Advanced Practitioners; in return, grads must work in HPSAs.
NSCNearest Source of CareNearest source of non-designated care outside of the Rational Service Area (RSA)
NSGHNursing Home
OB/GYNObstetrics and Gynecology
PEDPediatrician
PAPhysician Assistant
POP CTRPopulation CenterLargest population MCD, CT, or CCD within the RSA.
PCPrimary Care FP, GP, IM, OB/Gyn, PED, Geriatrics
PCOPrimary Care OfficerApproves HPSAs at the state level; every state has one.
PCPPrimary Care PhysicianFP, GP, IM, OB/GYN, PED, Geriatrics
RSARational Service AreaA geographic area encompassing the medical service area, with consideration for socioeconomic barriers.
RNRegistered Nurse
RNPRegistered Nurse Practitioner
RHCRural Health ClinicA Federally certified clinic that allows for heightened Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement.  It must be rural, have an Advanced Practitioner on site during RHC hours, and the clinic must initially be located in a HPSA or MUA.
SAService AreaA geographic area encompassing the medical service area, with consideration for socioeconomic barriers.
VAVeterans AffairsHospital or clinic that serves only U.S. military veterans and their families.

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